win_eventlog_sink.h

// Copyright(c) 2015-present, Gabi Melman & spdlog contributors.
// Distributed under the MIT License (http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT)

// Writing to Windows Event Log requires the registry entries below to be present, with the following modifications:
// 1. <log_name>    should be replaced with your log name (e.g. your application name)
// 2. <source_name> should be replaced with the specific source name and the key should be duplicated for
//                  each source used in the application
//
// Since typically modifications of this kind require elevation, it's better to do it as a part of setup procedure.
// The snippet below uses mscoree.dll as the message file as it exists on most of the Windows systems anyway and
// happens to contain the needed resource.
//
// You can also specify a custom message file if needed.
// Please refer to Event Log functions descriptions in MSDN for more details on custom message files.

/*---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\EventLog\<log_name>]

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\EventLog\<log_name>\<source_name>]
"TypesSupported"=dword:00000007
"EventMessageFile"=hex(2):25,00,73,00,79,00,73,00,74,00,65,00,6d,00,72,00,6f,\
  00,6f,00,74,00,25,00,5c,00,53,00,79,00,73,00,74,00,65,00,6d,00,33,00,32,00,\
  5c,00,6d,00,73,00,63,00,6f,00,72,00,65,00,65,00,2e,00,64,00,6c,00,6c,00,00,\
  00

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#pragma once

#include <spdlog/details/null_mutex.h>
#include <spdlog/sinks/base_sink.h>

#include <spdlog/details/windows_include.h>
#include <winbase.h>

#include <mutex>
#include <string>
#include <vector>

namespace spdlog {
namespace sinks {

namespace win_eventlog {

namespace internal {

/** Windows error */
struct win32_error : public spdlog_ex
{
    /** Formats an error report line: "user-message: error-code (system message)" */
    static std::string format(std::string const &user_message, DWORD error_code = GetLastError())
    {
        std::string system_message;

        LPSTR format_message_result{};
        auto format_message_succeeded =
            ::FormatMessageA(FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER | FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM | FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS, nullptr,
                error_code, MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT), (LPSTR)&format_message_result, 0, nullptr);

        if (format_message_succeeded && format_message_result)
        {
            system_message = fmt::format(" ({})", format_message_result);
        }

        if (format_message_result)
        {
            LocalFree((HLOCAL)format_message_result);
        }

        return fmt::format("{}: {}{}", user_message, error_code, system_message);
    }

    explicit win32_error(std::string const &func_name, DWORD error = GetLastError())
        : spdlog_ex(format(func_name, error))
    {}
};

/** Wrapper for security identifiers (SID) on Windows */
struct sid_t
{
    std::vector<char> buffer_;

public:
    sid_t() {}

    /** creates a wrapped SID copy */
    static sid_t duplicate_sid(PSID psid)
    {
        if (!::IsValidSid(psid))
        {
            throw_spdlog_ex("sid_t::sid_t(): invalid SID received");
        }

        auto const sid_length{::GetLengthSid(psid)};

        sid_t result;
        result.buffer_.resize(sid_length);
        if (!::CopySid(sid_length, (PSID)result.as_sid(), psid))
        {
            SPDLOG_THROW(win32_error("CopySid"));
        }

        return result;
    }

    /** Retrieves pointer to the internal buffer contents as SID* */
    SID *as_sid() const
    {
        return buffer_.empty() ? nullptr : (SID *)buffer_.data();
    }

    /** Get SID for the current user */
    static sid_t get_current_user_sid()
    {
        /* create and init RAII holder for process token */
        struct process_token_t
        {
            HANDLE token_handle_ = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
            explicit process_token_t(HANDLE process)
            {
                if (!::OpenProcessToken(process, TOKEN_QUERY, &token_handle_))
                {
                    SPDLOG_THROW(win32_error("OpenProcessToken"));
                }
            }

            ~process_token_t()
            {
                ::CloseHandle(token_handle_);
            }

        } current_process_token(::GetCurrentProcess()); // GetCurrentProcess returns pseudohandle, no leak here!

        // Get the required size, this is expected to fail with ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER and return the token size
        DWORD tusize = 0;
        if (::GetTokenInformation(current_process_token.token_handle_, TokenUser, NULL, 0, &tusize))
        {
            SPDLOG_THROW(win32_error("GetTokenInformation should fail"));
        }

        // get user token
        std::vector<unsigned char> buffer(static_cast<size_t>(tusize));
        if (!::GetTokenInformation(current_process_token.token_handle_, TokenUser, (LPVOID)buffer.data(), tusize, &tusize))
        {
            SPDLOG_THROW(win32_error("GetTokenInformation"));
        }

        // create a wrapper of the SID data as stored in the user token
        return sid_t::duplicate_sid(((TOKEN_USER *)buffer.data())->User.Sid);
    }
};

struct eventlog
{
    static WORD get_event_type(details::log_msg const &msg)
    {
        switch (msg.level)
        {
        case level::trace:
        case level::debug:
            return EVENTLOG_SUCCESS;

        case level::info:
            return EVENTLOG_INFORMATION_TYPE;

        case level::warn:
            return EVENTLOG_WARNING_TYPE;

        case level::err:
        case level::critical:
        case level::off:
            return EVENTLOG_ERROR_TYPE;

        default:
            return EVENTLOG_INFORMATION_TYPE;
        }
    }

    static WORD get_event_category(details::log_msg const &msg)
    {
        return (WORD)msg.level;
    }
};

} // namespace internal

/*
 * Windows Event Log sink
 */
template<typename Mutex>
class win_eventlog_sink : public base_sink<Mutex>
{
private:
    HANDLE hEventLog_{NULL};
    internal::sid_t current_user_sid_;
    std::string source_;
    WORD event_id_;

    HANDLE event_log_handle()
    {
        if (!hEventLog_)
        {
            hEventLog_ = ::RegisterEventSourceA(nullptr, source_.c_str());
            if (!hEventLog_ || hEventLog_ == (HANDLE)ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED)
            {
                SPDLOG_THROW(internal::win32_error("RegisterEventSource"));
            }
        }

        return hEventLog_;
    }

protected:
    void sink_it_(const details::log_msg &msg) override
    {
        using namespace internal;

        bool succeeded;
        memory_buf_t formatted;
        base_sink<Mutex>::formatter_->format(msg, formatted);
        formatted.push_back('\0');

#ifdef SPDLOG_WCHAR_TO_UTF8_SUPPORT
        wmemory_buf_t buf;
        details::os::utf8_to_wstrbuf(string_view_t(formatted.data(), formatted.size()), buf);

        LPCWSTR lp_wstr = buf.data();
        succeeded = ::ReportEventW(event_log_handle(), eventlog::get_event_type(msg), eventlog::get_event_category(msg), event_id_,
                current_user_sid_.as_sid(), 1, 0, &lp_wstr, nullptr);
#else
        LPCSTR lp_str = formatted.data();
        succeeded = ::ReportEventA(event_log_handle(), eventlog::get_event_type(msg), eventlog::get_event_category(msg), event_id_,
                current_user_sid_.as_sid(), 1, 0, &lp_str, nullptr);
#endif

        if (!succeeded)
        {
            SPDLOG_THROW(win32_error("ReportEvent"));
        }
    }

    void flush_() override {}

public:
    win_eventlog_sink(std::string const &source, WORD event_id = 1000 /* according to mscoree.dll */)
        : source_(source)
        , event_id_(event_id)
    {
        try
        {
            current_user_sid_ = internal::sid_t::get_current_user_sid();
        }
        catch (...)
        {
            // get_current_user_sid() is unlikely to fail and if it does, we can still proceed without
            // current_user_sid but in the event log the record will have no user name
        }
    }

    ~win_eventlog_sink()
    {
        if (hEventLog_)
            DeregisterEventSource(hEventLog_);
    }
};

} // namespace win_eventlog

using win_eventlog_sink_mt = win_eventlog::win_eventlog_sink<std::mutex>;
using win_eventlog_sink_st = win_eventlog::win_eventlog_sink<details::null_mutex>;

} // namespace sinks
} // namespace spdlog





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