• Project Info
  • Language
  • C++
  • License
  • MIT
  • Version Released
  • May 20, 2021
  • Docs Built
  • May 30, 2021
  • Latest Version
  • v1.x
  • Collaborators
  • admin
  • Tags
  • logging header-only
#include "spdlog/spdlog.h"
int main()
{
    //Use the default logger (stdout, multi-threaded, colored)
    spdlog::info("Hello, {}!", "World");
}

spdlog is a header only library. Just copy the files under include to your build tree and use a C++11 compiler.

It provides a python like formatting API using the bundled fmt lib (see the reference):

logger->info("Hello {} {} !!", "param1", 123.4);

spdlog takes the "include what you need" approach - your code should include the features that actually needed.

For example, if you only need rotating logger, you need to include "spdlog/sinks/rotating_file_sink.h".

Another example would be to include "spdlog/async.h" to get asynchronous logging features.

Basic example

#include <iostream>
#include "spdlog/spdlog.h"
#include "spdlog/sinks/basic_file_sink.h" // support for basic file logging
#include "spdlog/sinks/rotating_file_sink.h" // support for rotating file logging

int main(int, char* [])
{
    try 
    {
        // Create basic file logger (not rotated)
        auto my_logger = spdlog::basic_logger_mt("basic_logger", "logs/basic.txt");
        
        // create a file rotating logger with 5mb size max and 3 rotated files
        auto file_logger = spdlog::rotating_logger_mt("file_logger", "myfilename", 1024 * 1024 * 5, 3);
    }
    catch (const spdlog::spdlog_ex& ex)
    {
        std::cout << "Log initialization failed: " << ex.what() << std::endl;
    }
}

Create an asynchronous logger using factory method

#include <iostream>
#include "spdlog/spdlog.h"
#include "spdlog/async.h" //support for async logging.
#include "spdlog/sinks/basic_file_sink.h"

int main(int, char* [])
{
    try
    {        
        auto async_file = spdlog::basic_logger_mt<spdlog::async_factory>("async_file_logger", "logs/async_log.txt");
        for (int i = 1; i < 101; ++i)
        {
            async_file->info("Async message #{}", i);
        }
        // Under VisualStudio, this must be called before main finishes to workaround a known VS issue
        spdlog::drop_all(); 
    }
    catch (const spdlog::spdlog_ex& ex)
    {
        std::cout << "Log initialization failed: " << ex.what() << std::endl;
    }
}

Create an asynchronous logger and change thread pool settings

#include "spdlog/async.h" //support for async logging
#include "spdlog/sinks/daily_file_sink.h"
int main(int, char* [])
{
    try
    {                                        
        auto daily_sink = std::make_shared<spdlog::sinks::daily_file_sink_mt>("logfile", 23, 59);
        // default thread pool settings can be modified *before* creating the async logger:
        spdlog::init_thread_pool(10000, 1); // queue with 10K items and 1 backing thread.
        auto async_file = spdlog::basic_logger_mt<spdlog::async_factory>("async_file_logger", "logs/async_log.txt");       
        spdlog::drop_all(); 
    }
    catch (const spdlog::spdlog_ex& ex)
    {
        std::cout << "Log initialization failed: " << ex.what() << std::endl;
    }
}

Create a multiple loggers all sharing the same file (sink) aka categories

#include <iostream>
#include "spdlog/spdlog.h"
#include "spdlog/sinks/daily_file_sink.h"
int main(int, char* [])
{
    try
    {
        auto daily_sink = std::make_shared<spdlog::sinks::daily_file_sink_mt>("logfile", 23, 59);
        // create synchronous  loggers
        auto net_logger = std::make_shared<spdlog::logger>("net", daily_sink);
        auto hw_logger  = std::make_shared<spdlog::logger>("hw",  daily_sink);
        auto db_logger  = std::make_shared<spdlog::logger>("db",  daily_sink);      

        net_logger->set_level(spdlog::level::critical); // independent levels
        hw_logger->set_level(spdlog::level::debug);
         
        // globally register the loggers so the can be accessed using spdlog::get(logger_name)
        spdlog::register_logger(net_logger);
    }
    catch (const spdlog::spdlog_ex& ex)
    {
        std::cout << "Log initialization failed: " << ex.what() << std::endl;
    }
}

Create a logger with multiple sinks, each sink with its own formatting and log level

//
// Logger with console and file output.
// the console will show only warnings or worse, while the file will log all messages.
// 
#include <iostream>
#include "spdlog/spdlog.h"
#include "spdlog/sinks/stdout_color_sinks.h" // or "../stdout_sinks.h" if no colors needed
#include "spdlog/sinks/basic_file_sink.h"
int main(int, char* [])
{
    try
    {
        auto console_sink = std::make_shared<spdlog::sinks::stdout_color_sink_mt>();
        console_sink->set_level(spdlog::level::warn);
        console_sink->set_pattern("[multi_sink_example] [%^%l%$] %v");

        auto file_sink = std::make_shared<spdlog::sinks::basic_file_sink_mt>("logs/multisink.txt", true);
        file_sink->set_level(spdlog::level::trace);

        spdlog::sinks_init_list sink_list = { file_sink, console_sink };

        spdlog::logger logger("multi_sink", sink_list.begin(), sink_list.end());
        logger.set_level(spdlog::level::debug);
        logger.warn("this should appear in both console and file");
        logger.info("this message should not appear in the console, only in the file");

        // or you can even set multi_sink logger as default logger
        spdlog::set_default_logger(std::make_shared<spdlog::logger>("multi_sink", spdlog::sinks_init_list({console_sink, file_sink})));

    }
    catch (const spdlog::spdlog_ex& ex)
    {
        std::cout << "Log initialization failed: " << ex.what() << std::endl;
    }
}

Logging macros

You can define SPDLOG_ACTIVE_LEVEL to the desired log level *before * including "spdlog.h".

This will turn on/off logging statements at compile time

#define SPDLOG_ACTIVE_LEVEL SPDLOG_LEVEL_DEBUG

spdlog::set_level(spdlog::level::debug); // or spdlog::set_level(spdlog::level::trace); 

SPDLOG_LOGGER_TRACE(file_logger , "Some trace message that will not be evaluated.{} ,{}", 1, 3.23);
SPDLOG_LOGGER_DEBUG(file_logger , "Some Debug message that will be evaluated.. {} ,{}", 1, 3.23);
SPDLOG_DEBUG("Some debug message to default logger that will be evaluated");

Log user defined objects

#include "spdlog/spdlog.h"
#include "spdlog/fmt/ostr.h" // must be included
#include "spdlog/sinks/stdout_sinks.h"

class some_class {};
std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& os, const some_class& c)
{ 
    return os << "some_class"; 
}

void custom_class_example()
{
    some_class c;
    auto console = spdlog::stdout_logger_mt("console");
    console->info("custom class with operator<<: {}..", c);
}


Discussions (1)

brightprogrammer 1 year ago 0

How does spdlog::set_level() work. When I use logger.trace("Some message...") or some other logging function like debug, error etc... it does not log those records but when I do spdlog::set_level(spdlog::level::trace/debug/err) and then call these functions then the records are properly written. So, do I have to change severity always before producing log messages?




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